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June 22, 2015 - Water, Water Everywhere?

Water, Water Everywhere?  Water vapor exists in Mars’s atmosphere, and water ice can be found on its polar caps and in subsurface deposits, but liquid water has never been observed on Mars, primarily because in Mars’s thin atmosphere it would evaporate quickly. Fifteen years ago this week, however, NASA announced evidence for present-day liquid water on Mars based on the seasonal appearance of gullies (such as those shown here) thought to be fed by underground aquifers on some steep hillsides and crater walls. Although further observations of gullies by the Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter led researchers to conclude that gullies are probably formed by the freezing and sublimation of carbon dioxide, the search for liquid water continues to be a very active area of research.

Image credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech / Univ. of Arizona

Weekly Calendar

June 22-28, 2015

Holidays - Sky Events - Space History

 

Moon phase Monday 22

1675: Royal Greenwich Observatory founded
1973: 28-day Skylab 2 mission ends
2000: NASA announces evidence of present-day liquid water on Mars

Moon phase Tuesday 23

Moon at apogee

Moon phase Wednesday 24

St. Jean Baptiste Day (Québec)

First Qtr Moon 7:03 AM ET
Mercury at greatest elongation (22° W)

1999: FUSE spacecraft launched

Moon phase Thursday 25

1894: Hermann Oberth born
1992: STS-50 Columbia launched
1997: Progress spacecraft collides with Mir Spektr module
1999: Gemini North telescope dedicated

Moon phase Friday 26

1730: Charles Messier born
1963: Syncom 2 satellite launched
1984: First space shuttle launch pad abort (STS-41D)

Moon phase Saturday 27

1982: STS-4 Columbia launched
1995: STS-71 Atlantis launched
1997: NEAR-Shoemaker probe flies by asteroid Mathilde
2013: IRIS spacecraft launched

Moon phase Sunday 28

Saturn 2° south of Moon

Suggestions for new history dates or better links? Corrections for errors on this page? Please e-mail me.