October 1, 2012 - ESO Golden Anniversary

ESO Golden Anniversary This week marks the fiftieth anniversary of one of the world’s leading astronomical research institutions, the European Southern Observatory, whose member nations include Austria, Belgium, Brazil, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. ESO operates some of the world’s largest and most advanced observational facilities at three sites in northern Chile: La Silla, Paranal, and Chajnantor. This wide-field view of the Orion Nebula, lying about 1,350 light-years away, was taken with the 4.1-meter (161-inch) VISTA infrared telescope at ESO’s Paranal Observatory. VISTA’s huge field of view captures the whole nebula and its surroundings in a single frame.

Image credit: ESO / J. Emerson / VISTA / Cambridge Astronomical Survey Unit

Weekly Calendar

October 1-7, 2012

Holidays - Sky Events - Space History

Moon phase Monday 1

1897: 40-inch refractor dedicated at Yerkes Observatory
1958: NASA founded
1962: 300-foot radio telescope at Green Bank goes into operation
2010: Chang’e-2 lunar spacecraft launched

Moon phase Tuesday 2

Moon phase Wednesday 3

Venus 0.1° south of Regulus

1935: Charlie Duke born
1942: First V2 rocket launched
1962: Mercury Sigma 7 launched
1967: X-15A-2 flies at mach 6.7
1985: STS-51J Atlantis launched

Moon phase Thursday 4

World Space Week begins

Jupiter appears stationary
Moon at apogee

1957: Sputnik 1 launched
: Luna 3 launched
2004: SpaceShipOne wins X Prize

Moon phase Friday 5

Jupiter 0.9° north of Moon

1882: Robert Goddard born
1923: Edwin Hubble finds Cepheid variable stars in galaxy M-31
1962: European Southern Observatory founded
1984: STS-41G Challenger launched

Moon phase Saturday 6

Mercury 3° south of Saturn

1990: STS-41 Discovery launched
1992: NASA and RASA sign Human Spaceflight Agreement to share astronauts and cosmonauts
2008: MESSENGER spacecraft makes its second flyby of Mercury

Moon phase Sunday 7

Ceres 0.9° north of Moon

1885: Niels Bohr born
1959: Luna 3 returns first images of the lunar far side
2002: STS-112 Atlantis launched
2010: Soyuz TMA-01M launched carrying ISS Expedition 25/26 crew

Suggestions for new history dates or better links? Corrections for errors on this page? Please e-mail me.